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Ultimate Guide to Keto
and
14-Day Meal Plan

Not all fats are created equal.

Eating the right (healthy) fats is very important, especially on a ketogenic/low carb diet where fat makes up ~70% of your daily caloric intake.

All the important facts and supporting studies are included further down in this article but here’s what you need to know about good and bad fats in a nutshell:

Good Fats

  • Saturated Fats = Good
    • Found in red meat, butter, ghee, lard, cream, eggs, coconut oil (MCTs) or palm oil
  • Monounsaturated Fats = Good
    • Found in extra virgin olive oil, avocados, avocado oil and macadamia nut oil
  • Natural Trans Fats = Good
    • Found in meat from grass-fed animals and dairy products
  • Natural Polyunsaturated Fats = Good (specifically Omega-3)

Bad Fats

  • Processed Polyunsaturated Fats = Bad
    • Avoid vegetable and seed oils including:
      • Canola, Soybean, Corn, Sesame, Grapeseed, Peanut, Sunflower
  • Processed Trans Fats = Bad
    • Avoid processed foods, fast foods, margarine and commercially baked goods.

IMPORTANT: Most of your daily fat intake should consist of saturated and monounsaturated fats.

Fat is identified by the amount that’s dominant in the mixture. Extra Virgin Olive Oil is about 73% monounsaturated fat so it is considered monounsaturated. Butter is about 65% saturated and thus a saturated fat. Below is a breakdown of each type of fat so you can start eating the right fats immediately.

  1. Saturated Fatty Acids (SFAs)Saturated Fats

    • Saturated Fats Don’t Increase Chances of Heart Disease
      Saturated fats are great! Although the government has condemned saturated fats to fat hell, real scientists (not corrupt “scientists”) have done actual studies with extremely conclusive results (21 studies with a total of 347,747 subjects) showing that there is no significant evidence of saturated fat increasing risk of heart disease in any way.
    • Saturated Fats Increase Concentrations of Larger LDL
      Cholesterol is extremely important to us. It is used to make hormones like testosterone and cortisol and is absolutely vital to our well-being.

      Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) serves as a taxi for cholesterol and takes it around our body through our blood. LDL consists of about four different sizes: large, intermediate, small and very small. (Study)

      1. Small and Very Small, Dense LDL: These are small enough to penetrate the arterial wall and responsible for premature coronary artery disease.
      2. Large/Intermediate LDL: These are large and are not associated with an elevated risk of heart disease.

      A study has shown that a high saturated fat intake increases large LDL concentrations in your blood (and potentially lowers small LDL concentrations).

    • Saturated Fats Raise Concentrations of HDL
      High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) is important because it takes cholesterol out of your blood and prevents build up in the arteries due to small and very small LDL. Saturated fats will improve your HDL/LDL ratio (the closer to 1:1 the better).
    Recommended? Yes
    Found in: Red meat, Butter, Ghee, Lard, Cream, Eggs, Coconut oil (MCTs), Cocoa Butter, Palm oil
  1. Monounsaturated Fatty Acids (MUFAs)Avocado and Olive Oil

    Recommended? Yes
    Found in: Extra virgin olive oil, Avocados, Avocado oil, Macadamia nut oil, Lard & Bacon fat, Goose Fat
  1. Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFAs)Polyunsaturated

    • Processed PUFAs (e.g. vegetable oils including soybean, corn, canola and sunflower oils) go through a ton of processing which involves many chemicals, solvents, bleach and more. Avoid these. They contain mostly Omega-6 fatty acids and we normally consume an abundant amount.
    • Healthy PUFAs that come from natural sources like fish, fish oil, flaxseed and chia seeds are good and contain high amounts of Omega-3 fatty acids. Eat more of these. We should aim to have a 1:1 ratio of Omega-6 to Omega 3.
    Recommended? Only from natural sources
    Found in: Fish, Fish oil, Flaxseed, Chia seeds
  2. Trans Fatty Acids (TFAs)Healthy Trans Fats

    • TFAs are notorious for being the most unhealthy form of fat available to us. This is mostly true.
    • Hydrogenation: a process which helps stabilize polyunsaturated oils to keep them from becoming rancid. These hydrogenated fats are used mostly in processed foods, fast foods, margarine and commercially baked goods. Don’t eat this type of fat or these foods. Processed TFAs cause coronary heart diseases and are associated with a multitude of long-term health problems like obesity, depression and breast cancer.
    • Natural TFAs: Can be found in dairy fat and grass-fed animals (they will have higher levels than grain-fed animals). This type of trans fat is actually good for us and provides protection against cancer, reduction of obesity and hypertension, and many other beneficial biological effects.
    Recommended? Only from natural sources
    Found in: Dairy fat, Grass-fed animals

It’s important to eat lots of fat (especially on keto), but the right kind of fat. Foods that are naturally high in fat are best like meat, fish, dairy and nuts. Olive oil and avocado oil are best for cold use and light cooking. Butter (including ghee), bacon fat and coconut oil are best for high-heat cooking.

You can get many of the recommended products below:

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